Data as at: 15/08/2022

Gearing

Gearing policy

The Company has the flexibility to enable it to take out long-term borrowings in appropriate circumstances. Any long-term borrowings and any borrowings in excess of 10% of net assets require the separate authorisation of the Board. The borrowings of the Company shall not at any time, without the previous sanction of an ordinary resolution of the Company, exceed an amount equal to one third of the aggregate of: (a) the amount paid up on the share capital of the Company; and (b) the total of the capital and revenue reserves of the Company, including any share premium account, capital redemption reserve and credit balance on the profit loss account as shown in the latest audited balance sheet and income statement of the Company subject to certain adjustments detailed in the Company's Articles of Association.

Borrowing limits

The Board has authorised the Manager to utilise short-term borrowings of up to 10% of net assets in order to provide liquidity for efficient portfolio management where the Manager sees fit.

Ways in which investment companies can magnify income and capital returns, but which can also magnify losses.

At its simplest, gearing means borrowing money to buy more assets in the hope the company makes enough profit to pay back the debt and interest and leave something extra for shareholders.

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how gearing works table

However, if the investment portfolio doesn’t perform well, gearing can increase losses. The more an investment company gears, the higher the risk.

Investment companies can usually borrow at lower rates of interest than you’d get as an individual. They also have flexible ways to borrow – for example they might get an ordinary bank loan or, for split capital investment companies, issue different classes of share.

Not all investment companies use gearing, and most use relatively low levels of gearing.

An indication of the maximum and minimum levels that the company would expect to be geared in normal market conditions.

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